[Middle] with actor/director John Wayne [right]

"The Green Berets" [1968]

               

WINTON C. HOCH

Born: 31 July 1905 [other sources: 1907], Storm Lake, Iowa, USA.

Died: 20 March 1979, Santa Monica, Calif., USA.

Education: California Institute of Technology [CIT], Pasadena [graduated in 1931].

Career: Moved to California in 1924. After his graduation from CIT he became a research physicist. Joined Technicolor in 1934 [until 1954] to work on its three-color process. He ph a number of Technicolor travelogues, the 'Traveltalk - The Voice of the Globe'-series, prod and narrated by James A. FitzPatrick.

During WW2 served in the US Naval Photographic Science Lab. After leaving Technicolor joined C.V. Whitney Productions.

In 1956, Hoch directed (and ph?) the doc 'Grass', a remake of the 1925 doc dir by Merian Cooper & Ernest Schoedsack, for C.V. Whitney Productions.

Was a member and president [1979] of the ASC.

Awards: 'Oscar' Technical Achievement Award [1939; shared] for an auxiliary optical system; 'Oscar' AA [1948; color; shared] for 'Joan of Arc'; 'Oscar' AA [1949; color] for 'She Wore a Yellow Ribbon'; 'Oscar' AA [1952; color; shared] for 'The Quiet Man'; 'Emmy' Award [1965-66] for 'Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea'; 'Emmy' Award nom [1967-68] for 'The Time Tunnel' [ep 'Raiders from Outer Space'].


'The work left behind by Winton Hoch is the vindication of Technicolor as a creative means. Unique of his generation, Hoch rose to director of photography from the chemistry labs where color stock was developed; he never shot a foot of monochrome stock. The best efforts of a cameraman of Hoch's talents will not redeem a leaden 'Joan of Arc' but they can underscore with unforgettable beauty the other qualities of 'She Wore a Yellow Ribbon' and 'The Quiet Man'. Where [James Wong] Howe and [Arthur] Miller went for a subtle naturalism in their best color work, Hoch gave full rein to the effects made possible by the filters and manipulative processing he knew better than anyone else. It is known that Hoch and [John] Ford were temperamentally unsuited [pedantic, Ford called him], but inevitably the Hoch reputation rides high on the Ford films, and that is perhaps as it should be. Neither man needed the other, but Ford benefited beyond measure from Hoch's genius, and we have the results...' [Derek Owen in 'Film Dope', No. 24, 1982.]

·····

In the written history of film, John Ford has tended to get credit for most of Winton C. Hoch's accomplishments. Articles and books are churned out that praise Ford's 'eye for color' and 'visual sense.' These attributes he undoubtedly had, but it was Hoch's 'eye for color' - and his peerless technical expertise at putting that eye at the service of Ford's pictorial and narrative concerns - that impart such rare visual beauty to 'She Wore a Yellow Ribbon', 'The Quiet Man', and 'The Searchers'.

Hoch never shot a film in black-and-white. His years of experience as a technician in the Technicolor laboratories gave him a unique perspective in the uses and possibilities of color cinematography. Throughout his thirty-year career, he supplied sumptuous color images to many films, but his five pictures for John Ford remain the backbone of his work. In '3 Godfathers', 'She Wore a Yellow Ribbon' [for which he won his only solo 'Oscar'], 'The Quiet Man', 'Mister Roberts', and 'The Searchers', Hoch provided the director with some of his most elegant and striking images. The three westerns were shot on Ford's favorite location - Monument Valley, a spot which has proved unusually receptive to any number of visual approaches. Winton Hoch was responsible for capturing its unworldly beauty in Technicolor that was by turns stark, luscious, symbolic, and rousing. Hoch's seasoned eye saw the links between the red of blood and clay and the blue of sky and cavalry uniform. Monument Valley, through Hoch's lens, could be flag, desert, hellish void, nourishing Eden. Hoch's brilliant use of the medium should stand forever at the art's highest plane. [From article by Frank Thompson.]



 FILMS

1935

Beautiful Banff and Lake Louise [Benjamin D. Sharpe] c; doc/8m

1936

Victoria and Vancouver - Gateways to Canada [Benjamin D. Sharpe] c; doc/9m

1936

St. Helena and It's "Man of Destiny" [James A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/8m

1936

Colorful Islands - Madagascar and Seychelles [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/8m

1936

Picturesque South Africa [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1936

Rio de Janeiro "City of Splendour" [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/7m

1936

Yellowstone Park "Nature's Playground" [James H. Smith] c; doc/9m

1936

Quaint Quebec [Benjamin D. Sharpe] c; doc/9m

1936

India on Parade [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1937

Colorful Bombay [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Glimpses of Java and Ceylon [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Hong Kong "The Hub of the Orient" [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/8m

1937

Serene Siam [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Rocky Mountain Grandeur [James H. Smith] c; doc/8m

1937

Glimpses of Peru [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Chile "Land of Charm" [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1937

Land of the Incas [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Copenhagen [Ralph F. Donaldson] c; doc/9m

1937

Stockholm "Pride of Sweden" [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1937

Rural Sweden [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/8m

1938

Natural Wonders of the West [James H. Smith] c; doc/9m

1938

Glimpses of Austria [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1938

Beautiful Budapest [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1938

Rural Hungary [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1938

Czechoslovakia on Parade [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/10m

1938

Glimpses of New Brunswick [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1939

Dr. Cyclops/Doctor Cyclops [Ernest B. Schoedsack] c; assoc ph; ph: Henry Sharp

1940

The Reluctant Dragon/A Day at Disneys/Behind the Scenes at Walt Disney Studio/A Day at the Studio (20m excerpt) [(live action) Alfred L. Werker & (anim) Hamilton Luske, Ub Iwerks, a.o.] b&w-c; anim + live action; color ph (live action); b&w ph (live action): Bert Glennon

1941

Memories of Europe [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/?m; cph: Ray Rennahan; comp of previous ep 'Traveltalk'-series

1941

Dive Bomber [Michael Curtiz] c; cph: Bert Glennon; aph: Elmer Dyer; sfx ph: Byron Haskin & Rex Wimpy

1941

Captains of the Clouds [Michael Curtiz] c; co-aph; ph: Wilfred M. Cline & Sol Polito

1944

Over the Andes [J.A. FitzPatrick] c; doc/9m

1946

So Dear to My Heart [Harold Schuster & (anim) Hamilton Luske] c; anim + live action; live action ph; released in 1949

1947

Rhapsody in Wood [George Pal] c; 'Puppetoon'-short (live action + puppet anim)/9m

1947

Melody Time [seg 'Pecos Bill' dir by Clyde Geronimi] c; anim + live action/75m; ph live action

1947

Tap Roots [George Marshall] c; cph: Lionel Lindon

1947

Joan of Arc [Victor Fleming] c; co-Technicolor ph; ph: Joseph Valentine; spec pfx: Jack Cosgrove & John P. Fulton

1948

Carbon Arc Projection [Norman Wright] ?; doc/?m

1948

3 Godfathers/Three Godfathers [John Ford] c; 2uc: Charles P. Boyle

1948

Tulsa [Stuart Heisler] c

1948

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon [John Ford] c; 2uc: Charles P. Boyle & (uncred) Archie Stout

1949

The Sundowners/Thunder in the Dust [George Templeton] c

1949

Jet Pilot [Josef von Sternberg; re-shaped & re-edited by Howard Hughes] RKO-Scope/c; aph: Philip C. Cochran, William H. Clothier & Paul Mantz; released in 1957

1950

Halls of Montezuma [Lewis Milestone] c; cph: Harry Jackson; spec pfx: Fred Sersen

1950

Bird of Paradise [Delmer Daves] c

1951

The Quiet Man [John Ford] c; 2uc: Archie Stout

1952

The Redhead From Wyoming [Lee Sholem] c

1952

Salome [: The Dance of the Seven Veils] [William Dieterle] c; loc ph; ph: Charles Lang Jr.

1952

Return to Paradise [Mark Robson] c

Judy Garland - Jack L. Warner - George Cukor - WCH - adv [George de] Hoyningen Huene - "A Star Is Born"

1953

A Star Is Born [George Cukor] started as ph (replacing Harry Stradling Sr.) in October; prod was halted after 8 days; a change in format from WarnerScope to CinemaScope resulted in his replacement by Sam Leavitt

1954

Mister Roberts [John Ford & Mervyn LeRoy (replaced J. Ford); (some scenes uncred) Joshua Logan] cs/c

1955

The Searchers [John Ford] vv/c; 2uc: Alfred Gilks

1957

The Missouri Traveler [Jerry Hopper] c

1957

The Young Land [Ted Tetzlaff] c; cph: Henry Sharp

1958

Darby O'Gill and the Little People [Robert Stevenson] c; spec pfx: Peter Ellenshaw & Eustace Lycett

1958

This Earth Is Mine [Henry King] cs/c; cph: Russell Metty; started the film, but fell ill and was replaced by R. Metty; spph: Clifford Stine

1959

The Big Circus [Joseph M. Newman] cs/c

1960

The Lost World [Irwin Allen] cs/c; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott, James B. Gordon & Emil Kosa Jr.

1960

A Light in Nature [Ramsay Short & Michael Orrom (USA)] c; doc/34m; ph USA seq; ph: ?; prod Shell Film Unit; the film was made to coincide with the 300th anniversary of The Royal Society, London, UK

1961

Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea [Irwin Allen] cs/c; uwph: John Lamb; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott

1961

Sergeants 3 [John Sturges] p/c

1962

Five Weeks in a Balloon [Irwin Allen] cs/c; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott & Emil Kosa Jr.

1964

Robinson Crusoe on Mars [Byron Haskin] ts/c; process ph: Farciot Edouart

1966

Aliens from Another Planet [Irwin Allen (pilot 'Rendezvous with Yesterday') & Sobey Martin (ep #18 'Visitors from Beyond the Stars' & #24 'Chase Through Time')] c; comp of 3 ep of tv-series 'The Time Tunnel'; released in 1982

1967

The Green Berets [John Wayne & Ray Kellogg; (uncred) Mervyn LeRoy] p/c; battle seq ph: Vincent & Ted Saizis

1970

Necromancy/The Witching/Rosemary's Disciples/The Toy Factory [Bert I. Gordon] c; reissued in 1983 as 'The Witching'


 TELEVISION

1959

Walt Disney Presents [ep #124 'I Captured the King of the Leprechauns' dir by Harry Keller & Robert Stevenson] series (ABC-tv); cph: William Snyder

1964

Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea [29 ep (incl pilot 'Eleven Days to Zero' dir by Irwin Allen) dir by various] 110-part science fiction series/b&w-c, 1964-68 (ABC-tv); 1st season/b&w, 1964-65; other ph: Robert Bronner, Sam Leavitt & Carl Guthrie; uwph: John Lamb; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott & Howard Lydecker

1965

Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea [22 ep (e.g. #35 '...And Five of Us Are Left' dir by Harry Harris) dir by various] 2nd season/c, 1965-66; see 1964

1965

Lost in Space [unaired pilot 'No Place to Hide/Space Family Robinson' dir by Irwin Allen, ep #26 'All That Glitters' dir by Harry Harris, #28 'A Change of Space' dir by Sobey Martin & #29 'Follow the Leader' dir by Don Richardson] pilot + 83-part science fiction series/b&w-c, 1965-68 (CBS-tv); first season/b&w, 1965-66

1966

The Time Tunnel [30 ep dir by various] 30-part science fiction series, 1966-67 (ABC-tv); spec pfx: L.B. Abbott

1968

The Banana Splits Adventure Hour/The Banana Splits and Friends Show [Richard Donner  (live action) & Charles A. Nichols (anim)] 58-part series, 1968-69 (NBC-tv); other ph: Robert Hauser & John M. Stephens

1969

Nanny and the Professor [14 ep dir by various] 54-part sitcom series, 1970-71 (ABC-tv); 1st season, 1970


 MISCELLANEOUS

1937

[Walter Wanger's] Vogues [of 1938]/All This and Glamour Too [Irving Cummings] c.op; ph: Ray Rennahan

1938

Sweethearts [W.S. Van Dyke II & (uncred fill-in) Robert Z. Leonard] c; uncred co-1st cam; ph: Oliver T. Marsh; Technicolor ph: Allen Davey

1938

Gone with the Wind [Victor Fleming; (uncred) George Cukor & Sam Wood] Technicolor cons; ph: Ernest Haller & (uncred) Lee Garmes