GREAT CINEMATOGRAPHERS


 

   


EUGEN SCHÜFFTAN

 

Born: 21 July 1893, Breslau [now Wroclaw, Poland], Silesia, Germany. A.k.a.: Eugen Shuftan and Eugene Schuftan.

Died: 6 September 1977, New York City, N.Y., USA.

Education: Kunstakademie, Breslau [Painting & Architecture].

Career: Started as impressionist painter in Berlin. Entered film industry in 1920 as visual effects ph. In 1923 he [with Ernst Kunstmann] developed the 'Schüfftan-Verfahren' [a method of combining into a single shot portions of a full-scale studio set (+ actors) with art work or a miniature component using a mirror], which was used in 'Metropolis', a.o. The system was patented in 1924. Left Germany in 1933 and went, via Austria, to France. After the invasion of France by the Nazis, he left for the USA in April 1941. Because of problems with the unions he couldn't be credited with the ph of several films. Became US citizen in 1947.

Books & Films: 'Nachrichten aus Hollywood, New York und anderswo - Der Briefwechsel Eugen und Marlise Schüfftans mit Siegfried und Lili Kracauer' [2003; ed: Helmut G. Asper; Schüfftan's correspondence with film critic Kracauer] & 'Wie haben sie's gemacht...? Babelsberger Kameramänner öffnen ihre Trickkiste' [2004, Helge Trimpert & Uwe Fleischer]. Eila Hershon & Roberto Guerra made the tv-doc 'Eugen Schüfftan, Kameramann' [1975]; Andreas Reichstein dir the tv-doc 'Spiegel, Licht und Schatten' [1992].

Awards: 'Oscar' AA [1961; b&w] & Golden Laurel Award [1962] for 'The Hustler'; Deutscher Filmpreis [1964] for his body of work; Billy Bitzer Award [1975] for 'outstanding contribution to the motion picture industry'.


 

 FILMS

 

 

1929

Menschen am Sonntag [, ein Film ohne Schauspieler.] [- Das Dokument der Gegenwart]/People on Sunday [Robert Siodmak, Rochus Gliese (first day) & Edgar G. Ulmer (1 week)] b&w/silent; dram doc/1,615mtr, 1,839mtr (reconstruction; 74m) & 2,014mtr (original); the original negative is lost; prod Filmstudio 1929 (Berlin)

1929

Jagd auf dich - Filmdarsteller aus dem Kinopublikum [Ernst Angel] b&w/silent; short/42m; prod Erdeka-Film GmbH (Berlin)

1930

Abschied [- Ernstes und Heiteres aus einer Familienpension] [- So sind die Menschen]/Farewell [Robert Siodmak] b&w

1930

Das gestohlene Gesicht/The Stolen Face  [Philipp Lothar Mayring & Erich Schmidt] b&w; cph: Werner Bohne

1930

Gassenhauer/Marie und ihre vier Freier [Lupu Pick] b&w; 2uc: Robert Baberske

1930

Les quatres vagabonds [Lupu Pick] b&w; 2uc: Robert Baberske; French-language version of 'Gassenhauer'

1931

Das Ekel/The Scoundrel [Franz Wenzler & Eugen Schüfftan] b&w; cph: Bernhard Wentzel

1931

Meine Frau, die Hochstaplerin [Kurt Gerron] b&w; cph: Karl Puth

1931

Dann schon lieber Lebertran/I'd Rather Have Cod Liver Oil [Max Ophüls] b&w; short/24m; cph: Karl Puth

1931

Die Wasserteufel von Hieflau [Eugen Schüfftan & Erich Kober] b&w; cph: Richard Angst, Herbert Körner & Ernst Kunstmann

1932

Die Herrin von Atlantis/Queen of Atlantis [G.W. Pabst] b&w; cph: Ernst Körner

1932

L'Atlantide [G.W. Pabst] b&w; cph: Joseph Barth; French-language version of 'Die Herrin von Atlantis'

1932

The Mistress of Atlantis/The Lost Atlantis [G.W. Pabst] b&w; cph: Ernst Körner & Joseph Barth; English-language version of 'Die Herrin von Atlantis'

1932

Zigeuner der Nacht [Hanns Schwarz] b&w

1932

Coeurs joyeux [Hanns Schwarz & Max de Vaucorbeil] b&w; French-language version of 'Zigeuner der Nacht'

1932

Der Läufer von Marathon/The Marathon Runner [E.A. Dupont] b&w

1933

Unsichtbare Gegner/Öl ins Feuer/Invisible Opponent [Rudolf Katscher] b&w; cph: Georg Bruckbauer

1933

Les requins du pétrole [Henri Decoin & Rudolf Katscher] b&w; cph: Georg Bruckbauer; French-language version of 'Unsichtbare Gegner'

1933

La voix sans visage/La voix du châtiment [Leo Mittler] b&w

1933

Du haut en bas/From Top to Bottom/High and Low [G.W. Pabst] b&w

1934

Irish Hearts/Norah O'Neale [Brian Desmond Hurst] b&w; 69m; cph: Walter Blakeley

1934

Le scandale [Marcel L'Herbier] b&w; cph: Christian Matras

1934

La crise est finie/The Depression Is Over [Robert Siodmak] b&w

1935

The Invader/An Old Spanish Custom [Adrian Brunel] b&w; English- & French-language versions

1935

Riders to the Sea [Brian Desmond Hurst] b&w; short/40m; loc ph; ph: Nicholas de Beliaeff

1935

Children of the Fog [Leopold Jessner & John Quin] b&w; 62m

1935

The Robber Symphony [Friedrich Feher] b&w

1935

La symphonie des brigands [Friedrich Feher] b&w; French-language version of 'The Robber Symphony'

1935

La tendre ennemie/The Tender Enemy [Max Ophüls] b&w

 

Eugen Schüfftan [?] - ? - actor Cor Ruys - "Komedie om geld" - photo Thys Ockersen Archive

 

1936

Komedie om geld/The Trouble with Money [Max Ophüls] b&w

1936

María de la O. [Francisco Elías] b&w; cph: Josep Gaspar

1936

Mademoiselle Docteur/Salonique nid d'espions/Street of Shadows/Spies from Salonika [G.W. Pabst] b&w; planned in 1933 as a project in Germany, but banned by the authorities

1937

Drôle de drame [ou L'étrange aventure de Docteur Molyneux]/Bizarre, Bizarre [Marcel Carné] b&w

1937

Yoshiwara [Max Ophüls] b&w

1937

Forfaiture/The Cheat [Marcel L'Herbier] b&w

1937

Mollenard/Hatred [Robert Siodmak] b&w

1937

Le drame de Shanghaï/The Shanghai Drama [G.W. Pabst] b&w; cph: Curt Courant

1938

Quai des brumes/Port of Shadows [Marcel Carné] b&w

1938

Werther/Le roman de Werther/The Novel of Werther [Max Ophüls] b&w; on the credits: Opérateurs - Schufftan. Portier, Bourgassof et Stilly

1938

Les trois valses/Three Waltzes [Ludwig Berger] b&w

1939

Sans lendemain/There's No Tomorrow [Max Ophüls] b&w

1939

L'émigrante [Léo Joannon] b&w

1939

Les musiciens du ciel [Georges Lacombe] b&w

1942

Hitler's Madman/Hitler's Hangman [Douglas Sirk] b&w; uncred ph, but cred as tech dir; cred ph: Jack Greenhalgh

1943

Summer Storm [Douglas Sirk] b&w; uncred ph, but cred as tech adv; cred ph: Archie Stout

1944

Bluebeard [Edgar G. Ulmer] b&w; uncred ph, but cred as prod des; his c.op Jockey Arthur Feindel was cred as ph

1944

Strange Illusion/Out of the Night [Edgar G. Ulmer] b&w; uncred cph; ph: Philip Tannura & (uncred) Benjamin H. Kline

1945

Club Havana [Edgar G. Ulmer] b&w; 61m; uncred cph; cph: Benjamin H. Kline

1945

The Wife of Monte Cristo [Edgar G. Ulmer] b&w; uncred cph, but cred as prod superv; cph: Adolph Edward Kull & (uncred) Benjamin H. Kline

1945

A Scandal in Paris/Thieves' Holiday [Douglas Sirk] b&w; uncred ph, but cred as prod superv; his c.op Guy Roe was cred as ph

1947

Women in the Night/When Men Are Beasts/Curse of a Teenage Nazi [William Rowland] b&w; cph: José Ortiz Ramos; + uncred art dir/set decorator

1950

Gunman in the Streets/Time Running Out [Frank Tuttle] b&w; cph: Claude Renoir

1950

Le traqué [Borys Lewin] b&w; French-language version of 'Gunman in the Streets'

1950

Les joyeux pélerins [Fred Pasquali] b&w

1951

Le banquet des fraudeurs/Das Bankett der Schmuggler/The Smuggler's Banquet/Het banket van de smokkelaars [Henri Storck] b&w

1951

Le rideau cramoisi/The Crimson Curtain [Alexandre Astruc] b&w; short/44m; see 1953

1952

Mina de Vanghel [Maurice Barry & Maurice Clavel] b&w; short/47m; see 1953

1952

La putain respectueuse/La p... respectueuse/Respectful Prostitute [Charles Brabant & Marcello Pagliero] b&w

1952

Le chemin de Damas [Max Glass] b&w

1952

Die Venus vom Tivoli/Venus of Tivoli/Zwiespalt des Herzens [Leonard Steckel] b&w

1952

Sterren stralen overal [Gerard Rutten] b&w

1953

Les crimes de l'amour/Deux crimes d'amour/Two Love Crimes [Alexandre Astruc, Maurice Barry & Maurice Clavel] b&w; 91m; comp of 'Le rideau cramoisi' & 'Mina de Vanghel'; see 1951 & 1952

1954

Una Parigina a Roma/Begegnung in Rom [Erich Kobler] b&w; cph: Francesco Izzarelli

1957

Along the Mohawk Trail [Sam Newfield] b&w; comp of 2 ep of tv-series 'Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans'

1957

The Pathfinder and the Mohican [Sam Newfield] b&w; comp of 2 ep of tv-series 'Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans'

1957

The Redman and the Renegades [Sam Newfield] b&w; comp of 2 ep of tv-series 'Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans'

1957

La première nuit [Georges Franju] b&w; short/23m

 

 

1958

La tête contre les murs/Head Against the Wall/The Keepers [Georges Franju] cs/b&w

1959

Les yeux sans visage/Eyes Without a Face/The Horror Chamber of Dr. Faustus/House of Dr. Rasanoff [Georges Franju] b&w

1959

The Bloody Brood [Julian Roffman] b&w

1959

Un couple/A Couple [Jean-Pierre Mocky] b&w

1961

The Hustler [Robert Rossen] cs/b&w

 

 

1961

Something Wild [Jack Garfein] b&w

1962

Captain Sindbad [Byron Haskin] c; uncred cph; ph: Günther Senftleben; spec pfx: Tom Howard

1962

Les vierges/The Virgins [Jean-Pierre Mocky] b&w

1964

The Long Rifle and the Tomahawk [Sidney Salkow & Sam Newfield] b&w; cph: Kenneth Peach; comp of 2 ep (e.g. the pilot 'Hawkeye's Homecoming') of tv-series 'Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans'

1964

The Parisienne and the Prudes/The Bashful Bikini [Robert J. Gurney Jr.] b&w; cph: Al Mozell

1964

Lilith [Robert Rossen] b&w

1964

La grande frousse/La cité de l'indicible peur/The Big Scare/The Big Score [Jean-Pierre Mocky] b&w; uncred cph: Edmond Séchan

1965

Trois chambres à Manhattan/Three Rooms in Manhattan [Marcel Carné] b&w

1966

Der Arzt stellt fest.../§ 218 - Gegen das keimende Leben/Angeklagt nach § 218/The Doctor Says/The Doctor Speaks Out/The Price of Sin/Wages of Sin [Aleksander Ford] b&w-c; dram doc/89m

 

 TELEVISION

1956

Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans [38 ep dir by Sam Newfield] 39-part series/b&w, 1957; other ph: Kenneth Peach (pilot dir by Sidney Salkow) & Frank (La) Follette; the pilot was filmed in Hollywood, but the other ep were filmed in Canada

 

 MISCELLANEOUS

1922

Die Nibelungen - 1. Teil: [Siegfried] [Siegfrieds Tod]/Siegfried's Death [Fritz Lang] sfx ph; ph: Carl Hoffmann & Günther Rittau

1922

Die Nibelungen - 2. Teil: Kriemhilds Rache/Kriemhild's Revenge [Fritz Lang] sfx ph; ph: Carl Hoffmann & Günther Rittau

1925

Eifersucht [Karl Grune] trick ph; ph: Karl Hasselmann

1925

Varieté/Vaudeville/Variety/Jealousy [E.A. Dupont] trick ph; ph: Karl Freund & Carl Hoffmann

1925

Manon Lescaut [Artur Robison] trick ph; ph: Karl Freund (uncred) & Theodor Sparkuhl

1925

Ein Walzertraum [Ludwig Berger] optical efx; ph: Werner Brandes

1925

Metropolis [Fritz Lang] co-spec vfx; ph: Karl Freund, Günther Rittau & Helmar Lerski

1926

Eine Dubarry von heute/A Modern Dubarry [Alexander Korda] trick ph; ph: Fritz Arno Wagner

1926

Love Me and the World Is Mine [E.A. Dupont] sfx ph; ph: Jackson Rose

1926

Dagfin [, der Schneeschuhläufer] [Joe May] co-vfx; ph: Carl Drews & Edgar Ziesemer

1926

Napoléon/Napoléon vu par Abel Gance/Abel Gance's Napoleon [Abel Gance] co-sfx & vfx superv; ph: Jules Kruger

1939

De Mayerling à Sarajevo [Max Ophüls] superv ph; ph: Curt Courant & Otto Heller

1942

The Dark Mirror [Robert Siodmak] vfx; ph: Milton Krasner; released in 1946

1943

A Voice in the Wind [Arthur Ripley] tech adv; ph: Richard Fryer

1943

It Happened Tomorrow [René Clair] tech dir; ph: Archie Stout

1945

The Strange Woman [Edgar G. Ulmer] co-prod; ph: Lucien Andriot

1946

Carnegie Hall [Edgar G. Ulmer] prod technique; ph: William Miller

1952

The Magnetic Monster [Curt Siodmak & (uncred) Herbert L. Strock]  uncred sfx & vfx superv; ph: Charles Van Enger

 

 

1953

Ulisse/Ulysses [Mario Camerini & (uncred) Mario Bava] spec pfx (direttore degli effetti speciali); ph: Harold Rosson

1954

Marianne de ma Jeunesse/Marianne of My Youth [Julien Duvivier] sfx ph; ph: Léonce-Henri Burel

1954

Marianne, meine Jugendliebe [Julien Duvivier] sfx ph; ph: Léonce-Henri Burel; German-language version of 'Marianne de ma Jeunesse'

1966

Chappaqua [Conrad Rooks] ph cons; ph: Étienne Becker & Robert Frank

 

 FILMS AS DIRECTOR

1929

Ins Blaue hinein [b&w/silent; short/1 reel] ph: László Schäffer

1931

Das Ekel/The Scoundrel [co-dir; + ph] see Films

1931

Die Wasserteufel von Hieflau [co-dir; + cph] see Films

1952

Hospices de Beaune [doc/22m] ph: Georges Mic (?)

1952

L'hostel-dieu de Beaune [16mm/b&w; doc/28m] ph: Georges Mic