Photo by William Kallay

[Right] with dir Joshua Logan - "Camelot" [1966]

               

 RICHARD H. KLINE   ASC

Born: 15 November 1926, Los Angeles, Calif., USA, as Richard Howard Kline, son of doph Benjamin Harrison Kline [1894-1974].

Education: High School [graduated in 1943]; Sorbonne University, Paris, France [Fine Arts & Art History; 1948-51].

Career: 'I graduated from high school in 1943. The war was still going on, and I knew that I would be drafted into the military service within a year. Many of the film industry's personnel were away and my father urged me to fill an available opening as an assistant cameraman at Columbia Pictures, so that I could possibly qualify for a camera unit when I entered the service. I went to work at Columbia in August 1943. My first picture was 'Cover Girl'. I was a slate boy. I was on 'Cover Girl' for about four months. We filmed on stages 8 and 9 at Columbia, which were next to the camera department. I would go there in-between takes and learn about cameras. After that film, I became a first assistant with cinematographer George Meehan until I went into the Navy in October 1944. My first six months after boot camp I was stationed at the Photo Science Laboratory in Anacostia, D.C. Then, I shipped out to the Asia Pacific area between Shanghai and Hong Kong. I was there until I was discharged in August 1946. I was all set to start college at UCLA when I got a call from Columbia Pictures. You were supposed to have your old job guaranteed for a year after you got out of the service. They asked me to come back to the studio as an assistant cameraman. They had a picture in Acapulco where they needed somebody right away. I remember the exact date, because it was my sister's birthday, September 30, 1946. I left for Acapulco to work on 'The Lady from Shanghai'. I kept working as an assistant in 1947 and 1948. During the late 1940s, the union cracked down and wouldn't let me work. It wasn't anything against me personally. You were in either an A or B category depending on the number of years you were a member. The A category got first preference. I was in B, so I was out of a job. I decided to take advantage of the G.I. Bill of Rights and go to college. I left for France within a few days and spent the next three years studying fine arts and art appreciation at the Sorbonne in France. I returned to Hollywood in 1951, because I had gotten married. Congress had passed the Taft-Hartley Act, which opened the door for me to go back to work. The union did away with the A and B categories, and replaced it with groups one, two and three. I was put in the first group. That gave me top priority for jobs. I worked as an assistant cameraman for about a year at Columbia and then became an operator. I worked with Burnett Guffey, Henry Freulich, Charles Lawton Jr., Ray June and did quite a few films with 'Jimmy' Wong Howe, and all the other cinematographers who were under contract at Columbia Pictures. I also worked with Harry Stradling Sr., Lionel 'Curley' Lindon and Phil Lathrop. My last picture as an operator was with Lathrop on 'The Pink Panther'. We shot it in Rome. I had done a film with John Frankenheimer as an operator. It was a prison picture with Burt Lancaster ['Birdman of Alcatraz']. I got a telegram from John while we were in the last two to three weeks of shooting 'The Pink Panther'. It said, 'I want you to be my cameraman, repeat cameraman, call me immediately.' John offered me the job as cameraman on 'Seven Days In May'. After we finished, I flew home. That's when John told me that he couldn't swing the promotion because of production resistance. He said it was nothing personal. I kind of pouted for about a week until I got a call from the head of the MGM camera department. He said there was a producer who wanted to meet me. I met Bill Froug, who told me that he had done a TV pilot that he wanted me to look at and tell him what I thought. It was for a show called 'Mr. Novak' about a high school teacher. I worked on that show for two years until it was cancelled. I concentrated on shooting a number of pilots that year, so I would be free to return to feature films. I shot a TV pilot that didn't sell, but the studio liked it so much that they had me shoot additional scenes for another two weeks, and made it into a feature. It was called 'Chamber of Horrors'. Josh Logan was preparing to do 'Camelot' at Warner Bros. He happened to see some of the film I was shooting in a projection room at the studio while they were screening it. He liked what he saw and came down to the set where we were shooting. He introduced himself and asked if we could talk. I told him that it wasn't a good time, because we had a schedule to make. He asked if I would come in tomorrow, Saturday, and talk with him. That's how I got to shoot 'Camelot'.' [From the ASC website.]

Was c.asst for 8 years and c.op for 10 years [106 features in 6 years for prod Sam Katzman]. Became doph on the tv-series 'Mr. Novak'.

Member of the ASC since 1967. His uncles Phil Rosen [1888-1951] & Sol Halperin [1902-77] were doph.

Appeared in the doc 'Cinematographer Style' [2005, Jon Fauer; ph: J. Fauer, Jeff Laszlo, Brian Heller & David Morgan].

Awards: 'Oscar' AA nom [1967] for 'Camelot'; 'Oscar' AA nom [1976] for 'King Kong'; ASC Lifetime Achievement Award [2005].

[1] with dir Robert Wise [2] - "The Andromeda Strain" [1970] - photo Thys Ockersen Archive



 FILMS

1966

Chamber of Horrors [Hy Averback] c; unsold pilot for tv-series 'House of Wax'; expanded to a feature length film

1966

Camelot [Joshua Logan] p (+ 70bu)/c; sfx: Robie Robinson (superv) & Johnny Borgese

1967

Hang 'Em High [Ted Post] c; cph: Leonard South

[Right] with actor Tony Curtis and dir Richard Fleischer [left]

"The Boston Strangler"

1968

The Boston Strangler [Richard Fleischer] p/c; 2uc: William Kelly; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott, John C. Caldwell & Art Cruickshank

1968

Gaily, Gaily/Chicago, Chicago [Norman Jewison] c

1968

A Dream of Kings [Daniel Mann] c

1969

The Moonshine War [Richard Quine] p/c

[Right] with Robert Wise - "The Andromeda Strain"

1970

The Andromeda Strain [Robert Wise] p (+ 70bu)/c; spec pfx: Douglas Trumbull & James Shourt; matte superv: Albert Whitlock

1970

Kotch [Jack Lemmon] c

1971

Hammersmith Is Out [Peter Ustinov] c

1971

When the Legends Die [Stuart Millar] c

1971

The Mechanic/Killer of Killers [Michael Winner] c; ph European seq: Robert Paynter

1972

Black Gunn [Robert Hartford-Davis] c

1972

Soylent Green [Richard Fleischer] p/c; spec pfx: Robert Hoag & Matthew Yuricich; spec vfx: Augie Lohman

1973

The Harrad Experiment [Ted Post] c

1973

Battle for the Planet of the Apes [J. Lee Thompson] p/c; spec pfx: L.B. Abbott

1973

The Terminal Man [Mike Hodges] c

1973

The Don Is Dead/Beautiful But Deadly/The Deadly Kiss [Richard Fleischer] c

1973

Mr. Majestyk [Richard Fleischer] c

1974

Mandingo [Richard Fleischer (replaced Michael Campus)] c

1974

Harrad Summer/Love All Summer/Student Union [Steven H. Stern] c

1975

I Wonder Who's Killing Her Now/Kill My Wife Please [Steven H. Stern] c

1975

Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood [Michael Winner] c

1976

King Kong [John Guillermin] p/c; add pfx: Harold E. Wellman; pfx superv: Frank Van der Veer; designer/engineer/constructor ('Kong'): Carlo Rambaldi

1976

That's Action [G. David Schine] b&w-c; doc/?m

1977

Who'll Stop the Rain/Dog Soldiers [Karel Reisz] c; addph: Ronnie Taylor & (uncred) Hiro Narita

1977

The Fury [Brian De Palma] c

1977

Tilt [Rudy Durand] c

1978

Firepower [Michael Winner] c; 2uc; ph: Robert Paynter & Dick Kratina

1978

Star Trek - The Motion Picture [Robert Wise] p (+ 70bu)/c; 2uc: Bernie Abramson; addph: Jim Dickson, Bruce Logan & Charles F. Wheeler; vfx ph: Robert Elswit, Thomas Hollister, Greg Kimble, Ron Nathan & Michael Sweeney; spec pfx superv: John Dykstra; optical ph: Mark Freund; 'The Director's Edition' was released in 2001

1979

Lovespell/Tristan and Isolde/Summer of the Falcon [Tom Donovan] c

1979

Touched by Love/To Elvis, with Love [Gus Trikonis] c

1980

The Competition [Joel Oliansky] c

1980

Body Heat [Lawrence Kasdan] c

1981

Death Wish II [Michael Winner] c; cph: Thomas Del Ruth

1982

Man, Woman and Child [Dick Richards] c; cph: Jean Tournier

1982

Breathless [Jim McBride] c; add seq ph: Bobby Byrne

1982

Deal of the Century [William Friedkin] c

1983

All of Me [Carl Reiner] c

1984

Hard to Hold [Larry Peerce] c

1984

Touch and Go [Robert Mandel] c; 2uc: Gregory Lundsgaard

1985

The Man with One Red Shoe [Stan Dragoti] p/c; 2uc: Jack Priestley

1985

Howard the Duck/Howard... A New Breed of Hero [Willard Huyck] c; 2uc: Bobby Byrne; vfx matte ph: Wade Childress; stop motion ph: Terry Chostner & Patrick McArdle; filmed 1985-86

1988

My Stepmother Is an Alien [Richard Benjamin] c

1989

Downtown [Richard Benjamin] c; 2uc: Robert C. Thomas

1990

Double Impact [Sheldon Lettich] c; 2uc: John McCallum

1995

Meet Wally Sparks [Peter Baldwin] c; addph: Robert Leveen

2000

The Return of the Thief of Bagdad [Gordon Hessler (English version) & Suresh Krishna (Indian version)] scheduled for August start; status unknown (prod started in August 1999 under dir Douchan Gersi, who was replaced when new producer took over; some footage was shot)


 TELEVISION

With dir Michael O'Herlihy [left] - "Mr. Novak"

1963

Mr. Novak [all ep dir by various] 60-part school drama series/b&w, 1963-65 (NBC-tv); 1st season (30 ep), 1963-64

1964

Mr. Novak [all ep dir by various] 2nd season (30 ep), 1964-65; see 1963

1965

The F.B.I. [ep dir by various] 240-part police drama series, 1965-74 (ABC-tv)

1965

12 O'Clock High/Twelve O'Clock High [ep #54 'Twenty-Fifth Mission' dir by Lawrence Dobkin] 78-part war drama series/b&w-c, 1964-67 (ABC-tv); 2nd season/b&w, 1965-66; other ph: Frank V. Phillips, George T. Clemens & Kenneth Peach

1965

Honey West [ep #3 'The Abominable Snowman' dir by Paul Wendkos, #5 'Live a Little... Kill a Little' dir by Murray Golden & #8 'In the Bag' dir by Seymour Robbie] 30-part detective series/b&w, 1965-66 (ABC-tv)

1965

The Monkees [pilot 'Here Come The Monkees' dir by Mike Elliot] b&w-c; followed by 58-part sitcom series, 1966-68 (NBC-tv)

1966

T.H.E. Cat (Thomas Hewitt Edward Cat) [pilot/ep #1 'To Kill a Priest' dir by Boris Sagal] 26-part adventure series, 1966-67 (NBC-tv); other ph: Leonard South, Jack A. Marta, George T. Clemens & Charles Straumer

1966

The Mouse That Roared [Jack Arnold] pilot; for CBS-tv

1966

Animal Farm [?] pilot

1966

Pet Set [?] pilot

1974

Kate McShane [Marvin Chomsky] tvm (1975); followed by 8-part legal drama series, 1975 (CBS-tv)

1981

Coming Out of the Ice [Waris Hussein] tvm

1995

[LaVyrle Spencer's] Home Song [Nancy Malone] tvm


 FILMS AS CAMERA ASSISTANT/OPERATOR [on 200 feature films & shorts]

1943

The Return of the Vampire [Lew Landers] c.asst; ph: John Stumar & L.W. O'Connell

1943

None Shall Escape [André De Toth] c.asst; ph: Lee Garmes

1943

Cover Girl [Charles Vidor] clapper boy; ph: Rudolph Maté & Allen M. Davey

1943

Klondike Kate [William Castle] c.asst; ph: John Stumar

1943

Address Unknown [William Cameron Menzies] c.asst; ph: Rudolph Maté

1944

A Song to Remember [Charles Vidor] c.asst; ph: Tony Gaudio & Allen M. Davey

1944

Rough, Tough and Ready/Men of the Deep [Del Lord] c.asst; ph: George Meehan

1946

The Lady from Shanghai [Orson Welles] c.asst; ph: Charles Lawton Jr. & (uncred) Rudolph Maté & Joseph Walker

1946

To the Ends of the Earth [Robert Stevenson & (uncred) Sidney Buchman] c.asst; ph: Burnett Guffey

1947

It Had to Be You [Don Hartman & Rudolph Maté] c.asst; ph: Vincent Farrar & Rudolph Maté

1949

Prison Warden [Seymour Friedman] c.op; ph: Henry Freulich

1949

Cow Town [John English] c.asst; ph: William Bradford

1949

The Petty Girl [Henry Levin] c.asst; ph: William Snyder

1950

The Harlem Globetrotters [Phil Brown & (basketball seq) Will Jason] c.asst; ph: Philip Tannura

1950

The Magic Carpet [Lew Landers] c.asst; ph: Ellis W. Carter

1951

I Love Lucy [Marc Daniels; tv-series] c.asst; ph: Karl Freund

1952

The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show [various; tv-series] c.asst; ph: ?

1954

Pirates of Tripoli [Felix E. Feist] c.op; ph: Henry Freulich

1954

New Orleans Uncensored/Riot on Pier 6 [William Castle] c.op; ph: Henry Freulich

1954

It Came from Beneath the Sea [Robert Gordon] c.op; ph: Henry Freulich

1955

Count Three and Pray/The Calico Pony [George Sherman] c.asst; ph: Burnett Guffey

1955

Three Stripes in the Sun [Richard Murphy] c.asst; ph: Burnett Guffey

1955

Hot Blood/Bad Blood [Nicholas Ray] c.asst; ph: Ray June

1955

Storm Center [Daniel Taradash] c.asst; ph: Burnett Guffey

1955

Around the World in Eighty Days [Michael Anderson] co-c.op; ph: Lionel Lindon

1955

The Harder They Fall [Mark Robson] c.asst; ph: Burnett Guffey

1956

Rock Around the Clock [Fred F. Sears] c.op; ph: Benjamin H. Kline

1956

Nightfall [Jacques Tourneur] c.op; ph: Burnett Guffey

1956

The Old Man and the Sea [John Sturges (July-August 1957) & (uncred) Fred Zinnemann (April-July 1956)] c.op; ph: James Wong Howe

1956

Hellcats of the Navy [Nathan Juran] c.op; ph: Irving Lippman

1957

Jeanne Eagels [George Sidney] c.op; ph: Robert Planck

1957

Pal Joey [George Sidney] c.op; ph: Harold Lipstein

1957

Escape from San Quentin [Fred F. Sears] c.op; ph: Benjamin H. Kline

1958

The Last Hurrah [John Ford] co-c.op; ph: Charles Lawton Jr.

1958

Bell Book and Candle [Richard Quine] c.op; ph: James Wong Howe

1958

Face of a Fugitive [Paul Wendkos] c.op; ph: Wilfrid M. Cline

1958

The Last Angry Man [Daniel Mann] c.op; ph: James Wong Howe

1959

Battle of the Coral Sea [Paul Wendkos] c.op; ph: Wilfrid M. Cline

1959

The Mountain Road [Daniel Mann] c.op; ph: Burnett Guffey

1959

Elmer Gantry [Richard Brooks] co-c.op; ph: John Alton

1959

Let No Man Write My Epitaph [Philip Leacock] c.op; ph: Burnett Guffey

1960

The Wackiest Ship in the Army [Richard Murphy] c.op; ph: Charles Lawton Jr.

1960

A Raisin in the Sun [Daniel Petrie] c.op; ph: Charles Lawton Jr.

1961

Experiment in Terror [Blake Edwards] c.op; ph: Philip Lathrop

1962

Days of Wine and Roses [Blake Edwards] c.op; ph: Philip Lathrop

1962

Birdman of Alcatraz [John Frankenheimer] c.op; ph: Burnett Guffey

1963

The Pink Panther [Blake Edwards] c.op; ph: Philip Lathrop