#1: From interview [2009]

#2: [Right] with dir Lars von Trier

#3: [Right] with dir Wim Wenders [1976]

 

   


ROBBY MÜLLER   BVK/NSC

 

Born: 4 April 1940, Willemstad, Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, as Robert Müller. His father was an engineer working for Shell. Raised in Indonesia [until 1954].

Education: Nederlandse Film Academie [NFA] [1962-64, camera/editing dept.], Amsterdam.

Career: After his study he stayed for a short period in Holland, then went to Germany with doph Gerard Vandenberg.

Ph commercials dir by Hans Jonkers, Maarten Treurniet, Jonathan David [for Coca Cola], Zoran Bihac, Carl Erik Rinsch, a.o.

Directed [+ ph; for Outcast Pictures] his first commercial, 'Radio 1', in 2002.

Was co-adv on the short film 'Night Shift' [2007, Gaëlle Denis; ph: Jefrim Rothuizen; 10m] prod during the Rutger Hauer Film Factory Masterclass.

Honorary member of the NSC.

Book: 'Die lyrische Leinwand' [2006, Schüren Presseverlag].

Appeared in the doc's 'Kamera klaar... Aktie - Geluiden van achter de kamera' [1987, Ruud van Gessel; ph: Jan de Bont], 'Motion & Emotion' [1990, Paul Joyce; ph: Ken Morse; 90m], 'De domeinen Ditvoorst/Ditvoorst - Solitary Genius' [1993, Thom Hoffman; ph: Peter de Bont; 112m], 'Foot on the Moon' [1999; dir/ph: Marie-Claire Pijman] & 'Robby Müller on Down by Law' [2009; ph: Claire Pijman; 23m].

Awards: Bundesfilmpreis [1975] for 'Falsche Bewegung'; Bundesfilmpreis [1983] for 'Klassenfeind'; DKP Spielfilm [1984] & Bayerischer Filmpreis [1985] for 'Paris, Texas'; Independent Spirit Award nom [1987, 1988, 1990 & 1997]; Bundesfilmpreis [1991] for 'Korczak'; NYFCC Award [1996; + for 'Dead Man'], Camerimage 'Golden Frog' nom [1996] & 'Robert' Award [1997] for 'Breaking the Waves'; Camerimage 'Special Award for Best Independent Duo' [1998; shared with Jim Jarmusch]; Camerimage 'Golden Frog' nom [1999] for 'Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai'; Camerimage 'Golden Frog' nom [2000] & 'Robert' Award nom [2001] for 'Dancer in the Dark'; Brothers Manaki IFF 'Special Golden Camera 300' [2002] for exceptional contribution to the world film art; Marburger Kamerapreis [2003]; DKP Ehrenkameramann [2005]; Camerimage Lifetime Achievement Award [2006]; Nederlands FF 'Gouden Kalf Cultuurprijs' [2007]; Bert Haanstra Oeuvreprijs [2008]; ASC International Achievement Award [2012].



Robby Müller: 'There are many films made today where the color is not really necessary, but you don't have a choice because the distributor wants color so he can sell it. But I always have a kind of 'thinking exercise' with the director, 'Why not in b&w?' or 'Why not in color?' So if we explain it to ourselves we know where we have to pay attention because, if you make the kind of films I generally make, color could give you too much information. 'Alice in the Cities' [1973], for instance, would have been very bad in color. The same with 'Down by Law' [1985]. You would have had so much information around you that it would distract you from what you are telling. 'Alice' was originally planned for color. We even had a sponsor, Polaroid, who was bringing out that same year the SX-70 [a compact, reflex-viewing camera for Polaroid film] on a trial market in Florida and they agreed to sponsor us. But when Wim and I discussed it I said this will be no good in color; this little girl will be totally lost in this loud, exotic New York. Polaroid later agreed but they didn't withdraw their sponsorship.' [From interview with Lindsay Amos in Sydney, Australia, June 1993.]


 

 FILMS

1963

Megalopolis 1 [Pim de la Parra] b&w; short/?m

1963

Vogel [Miroslav Sebestik] b&w; short/?m; prod NFA

1964

De lengte van een ster [Fred van Doorn] b&w; short/?m; prod NFA

1966

Norwegian Wood [Barbara Meter] 16mm/b&w-c; short/10m

1966

Eiland/Island [Erik Terpstra] b&w; short/19m; cph: Gerard Vandenberg

1967

Now I Found That the World Was Round [Anton Kothuys] 16mm/c; doc/?m

1967

Don't Miss, Miss Pizz Italian Flavored Pizza [Anton Kothuys] c; short/10m

1967

Objectief gezien [Fred van Doorn] 16mm/b&w; short/18m

1967

Bacher [Tom Tholen] c; doc/20m; cph: Anton van Munster; addph: Jan de Bont, Jan Oonk, a.o.; uwph: Bob Smith

1967

Toets/Touch [Tom Tholen] scope/c; doc/17m; cph: Eduard van der Enden & Anton van Munster

1968

She Is Like a Rainbow [Anton Kothuys] c; short/18m; cph: Gerard Vandenberg & Karsten Krüger

1968

Alabama: 2000 Light Years [Wim Wenders] b&w; short/22m; cph: Wim Wenders; prod HFFM

1969

Jonathan [Hans W. Geissendörfer] c

1969

Frankenstein cum cannabis [Nico Paape] ?; short/18m; cph: ?

1969

Summer in the City [Wim Wenders] 16mm/b&w; 125m; prod HFFM

1970

Het bezoek [Frans van der Staak] 16mm/b&w; short/21m

1971

Overload/Geen statiegeld [Mel Clay] 16mm/b&w; cph: Mel Clay, a.o.

1971

Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter/The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty [Wim Wenders] c

1972

Can Free Concert [Peter Przygodda] 16mm/c; concert film/51m; cph: Martin Schäfer & Egon Mann

1972

Der scharlachrote Buchstabe/The Scarlet Letter [Wim Wenders] c

1973

Die Reise nach Wien [Edgar Reitz] c

1973

Alice in den Städten/Alice in the Cities [Wim Wenders] 16mm-35bu/b&w

1974

Ein bißchen Liebe [Veith von Fürstenberg] 16mm/b&w

1974

Falsche Bewegung/Wrong Movement/Wrong Move [Wim Wenders] c

1975

Es herrscht Ruhe im Land [Peter Lilienthal] 16mm-35bu/c; cph: Abel Alboim

1975

Im Lauf der Zeit/Kings of the Road [Wim Wenders] b&w

1975

Nathalie [Gila von Weitershausen] ?; short/?m

1976

Atavar, the Return of the Wolf [Meino Zeillemaker] c; short/53m

1976

Die Wildente/The Wild Duck [Hans W. Geissendörfer] c

1976

Der amerikanische Freund/The American Friend [Wim Wenders] c; spec ph efx: Theo Nischwitz

 

With dir Peter Handke [right] - "Die linkshändige Frau"

 

1977

Die linkshändige Frau/The Left-Handed Woman [Peter Handke] c

1977

De gevoelens van een rode patrijs door hemzelf verteld [Frans van der Staak] 16mm/b&w; short/16m; cph: Karel Dibbets & F. van der Staak

1977

Die gläserne Zelle/The Glass Cell [Hans W. Geissendörfer] c

1978

Mysteries [Paul de Lussanet] c

1979

Saint Jack [Peter Bogdanovich] c

1979

Opname/In for Treatment [Erik van Zuylen & Marja Kok] 16mm/c

1979

Honeysuckle Rose/On the Road Again [Jerry Schatzberg] p/c

1980

Hammett [Wim Wenders] scheduled as doph, but replaced by Joseph Biroc because of union restrictions

1980

They All Laughed... [Peter Bogdanovich] c

1981

Der Zauberberg [Hans W. Geissendörfer] started the film, but left after an argument with the producer; was replaced by Walter Lassally, who was replaced by Michael Ballhaus

1981

Les îles/The Islands/Die Inseln [Iradj Azimi] c; cph: Willy Kurant

1981

Een zwoele zomeravond/A Hot Summer Night [Frans Weisz & Shireen Strooker] 16mm-35bu/c

1982

Klassen-Feind/Class Enemy [Peter Stein] c

1982

Un dimanche de flic/Zwei Profis steigen aus/A Cop's Sunday [Michel Vianey] c

1983

Tricheurs/Cheaters/Die Spieler [Barbet Schroeder] c; + small part

 

 

1983

Paris, Texas [Wim Wenders] c; add 2uc: Martin Schär

1984

Repo Man [Alex Cox] c; addph: Robert Richardson, Tom Richmond & Mike Little; 2uc: Stephen Posey

1984

Body Rock [Marcelo Epstein] c; addph: Ed Lachman & Burleigh Wartes

1984

To Live and Die in L.A. [William Friedkin] c; 2uc: Robert Yeoman (+ ph 1st unit to replace R. Müller who could not finish the prod)

1985

Fool for Love [Robert Altman] started the prod, but was replaced by doph Pierre Mignot

1985

The Longshot [Paul Bartel] c; 2uc (+ c.op): Paul Edwards

1985

Down by Law [Jim Jarmusch] b&w

1986

The Believers [John Schlesinger] c; 2uc: Peter R. Norman

1987

Barfly [Barbet Schroeder] c

1987

Il piccolo diavolo/The Little Devil [Roberto Benigni] c

 

"Mystery Train"

 

1988

Mystery Train [Jim Jarmusch] c

1989

Coffee and Cigarettes II/Coffee and Cigarettes: Memphis Version [Jim Jarmusch] b&w; short/8m; ed into 'Coffee and Cigarettes' as 'Twins' (see Films, 2003)

1989

Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten/Notebook on Cities and Clothes [Wim Wenders] v+16mm+35mm-to-35mm/c; doc/81m; cph: Muriel Edelstein, Wim Wenders, Masatoshi Nakajima, a.o.

1989

Korczak [Andrzej Wajda] b&w

1990

Bis ans Ende der Welt/Until the End of the World [Wim Wenders] c; 2uc: Benedict Neuenfels; 2uc France: Theo Bierkens; addph: Joel Peterson

1990

Red Hot + Blue [seg #17 (5m16s) 'Night and Day' dir by Wim Wenders; a: U2] b&w-c/V; mus comp/111m; other ph: Tom Sigel, Ed Lachman, Declan Quinn, a.o.; this film (18 music videos + art breaks) accompanied the comp album (20 tracks) from the Red Hot Organization (an AIDS Benefit project); also an ABC-tv special

1991

Mad Dog and Glory [John McNaughton] c; addph: Jeffrey Jur

1992

When Pigs Fly [Sara Driver] c

1993

Three Years After My Death [Alejandro Agresti] ?

1994

Hoogste tijd/Last Call [Frans Weisz] c

1994

Jenseits der Wolken/Par-delà les nuages/Al di là delle nuvole/Beyond the Clouds [prologue/interludes/epilogue dir by Wim Wenders] c; scenes dir by Michelangelo Antonioni were ph by Alfio Contini

1994

Dead Man [Jim Jarmusch] b&w; 2uc: Chris Lombardi

1995

Breaking the Waves [Lars von Trier] s35/c; 2uc: Eric Kress; sfx ph: Jan Weincke

 

With dir Sally Potter [seated] - "The Tango Lesson"

 

1996

The Tango Lesson [Sally Potter] b&w-c

1997

Shattered Image [Raúl Ruiz] c

1998

Buena Vista Social Club [Wim Wenders] DigiBeta-to-35mm/c; doc/101m; cph Amsterdam: Jörg Widmer; ph New York: Lisa Rinzler; ph Cuba: Jörg Widmer

1998

Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai [Jim Jarmusch] c; 2uc: Chaim Kantor

1999

Dancer in the Dark [Lars von Trier] dv (Sony DSR-1P, PD100P, PD150 & D30WSP)-to-35mm scope/c; 2uc: Eric Kress; dance seq ph: Anthony Dod Mantle, Jan Weincke, a.o.

2000

My Brother Tom [Dom Rotheroe] dv (Sony DSR-PD150)-to-35mm/c; 2u c.op: Dirk Nel

2001

24 Hour Party People [Michael Winterbottom] dv (Sony DSR-PD150)-to-35mm/c

2001

Caribs' Leap [ Steve McQueen] (1) s8-to-video/c; 29m (continuous play) + (2) 35mm-to-video/c; 12m (continuous play); This film journeys into the historical interior of the Caribbean island of Grenada. In 1651, rather than surrendering to French soldiers, a large number of Caribbeans threw themselves over the cliffs onto the rocks below. This ultimate act of resistance is one focus of the film which was largely shot on location in Sauteurs in Grenada, where this act of collective sacrifice took place. Intended to be shown together with 'Western Deep' (ph: Sean Bobbitt) in a two screen presentation; prod for Documenta XI, Kassel, Germany (2002).

2002

Poem - Ich setzte den Fuß in die Luft, und sie trug/Poem - I Set My Foot Upon the Air and It Carried Me [Ralf Schmerberg] b&w-c; 19 seg; ph seg #6 (3m/b&w) 'Gesang der Geister über den Wassern', #9 (6m/c) 'Nach grauen Tagen' & #15 (6m/b&w) 'Der Schiffbrüchige'; other ph: Darius Khondji, Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein, Nicola Pecorini, a.o.; filmed April 2000-April 2002

2003

Coffee and Cigarettes [Jim Jarmusch] b&w; 96m; cph: Tom DiCillo (1986), Fred Elmes (1993) & Ellen Kuras; ed from 3 'Coffee and Cigarettes'-films (1986, 1989 & 1993) and other shorts

2004

A Londoni férfi/The Man from London [Béla Tarr] announced as ph, but prod was shut down in February 2005 after the producer committed suicide; ph in 2006-07 by Fred Kelemen

2014

Ashes [Steve McQueen] s8-to-HD/c; film installation/10m; 'Ashes' is installed as an immersive projection with sound. It was shot on Super8 film with a haunting verbal soundtrack, recorded in Grenada. Much of the footage dates from 2001. The deceptively simple film was commissioned by Espace Louis Vuitton, Tokyo; filmed in 2001

 

 TELEVISION

1967

Der Fall Lena Christ [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm/b&w/16mm

1969

Die Anpassung [Christian Rischert] tvm/b&w/16mm

1970

Eine Rose für Jane [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm

1970

Pakbo [Volker Koch] tvm

1971

Carlos [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm

1972

Marie [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm

1973

Die Eltern [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm

1973

Perahim - die zweite Chance [Hans W. Geissendörfer] tvm

1974

Wandas Paradies [Christa Maar] tvm

1975

[Das] Double [Christa Maar] tvm

1977

Das Ende einer Karriere [Christa Maar] tvm/16mm

1979

Striptease [Frans Weisz] tvm/22m/16mm

1984

Finnegan Begin Again [Joan Micklin Silver] tvm

2004

Visions of Europe [seg (6m/b&w) 'Prologue' dir by Béla Tarr & (co-dir) Ágnes Hranitzky] tvm/b&w-c/140m (25 seg)

 

 FILMS AS CAMERA ASSISTANT [with doph Gerard Vandenberg]

1964

Aah... Tamara [Pim de la Parra Jr.; short/28m] co-c.asst (+ co-stills ph)

1964

Een zondag op het eiland van de Grande-Jatte [Frans Weisz; short]

1965

Een ochtend van zes weken/Un printemps en Hollande/A Morning of Six Weeks [Nikolai van der Heyde]

1966

Het gangstermeisje/Illusion Is a Gangstergirl [Frans Weisz]

1966

Der Beginn [Peter Lilienthal; tvm]

1966

Bächlein räuschen [Peter Lilienthal]

1966

To Grab the Ring [Nikolai van der Heyde] co-c.asst

1967

Liebe und so weiter [George Moorse; tvm]

1968

Ich bin ein Elefant, Madame [Peter Zadek] co-c.asst

1969

11.50 from Zürich [Nikolai van der Heyde; short]